“A clever man will not go uphill – a clever mountain will go around” – the proverb is not about climbers. These guys just climb the peaks in order to emphasize their enviable qualities. Climbers became the same romantic heroes as astronauts or pilots with submariners. The sporting essence of mountaineering is to overcome obstacles – altitude, terrain, weather – on the way to the top. Of course, in the mountains no one climbs the race, but there are daredevils who want to be higher and faster.
There are several varieties of mountaineering. The first is rock climbing. Climbing usually takes place where there is no snow and ice. The heights are small, there is no oxygen starvation. You can not take a lot of warm clothes with you and go in light rocky shoes.
Rocky-ice – these are combined ascents, during which you need to be able to move around rocks, snow and ice. There are overnight stays in such routes, the pace of movement is low due to the large number of equipment plus when climbing 5 or more thousand meters, the body begins to adapt to new conditions. Who could not – gets a mountain sickness.
High-altitude mountaineering is the conquest of peaks from 6500 meters above sea level. These species are few, only professionals. At an altitude of 8 kilometers – the so-called death zone – it is impossible to be long without oxygen equipment.
Big Wall is an American term for the passage of large walls with a length of a kilometer or more. These ascents have rather difficult routes.
Separately, climbers can engage in ice climbing – these are competitions, the essence of which is to overcome the ice walls. Who is faster – he won. The International Mountaineering Federation will not succeed in ensuring that ice climbing is included in the Olympic program.
Mountain climbing features
The climber must be hardy, independent, peace-loving, stress-resistant and ready to help. During the ascent, a person overcomes both external and internal obstacles. In general, Vysotsky was right when he said about a friend: “Take a guy to the mountains of pull — take a chance in conjunction with you — you will understand who he is.”
Climbing equipment is diverse, because along the way you have to overcome rocks, rivers, glaciers. Depending on this, ice axes, “cats”, ladders, rope handrails and much more are selected.
Alone or with a group – what is the best way to go to the mountains? The answer depends on the degree of skill. If you are going for the first time, then, of course, only with the group. If the height is small, then one instructor is enough.
Experienced climbers can already choose. Single and collective climbs have pros and cons. For example, a company is more fun, safer, easier and cheaper. But there may be problems with psychological compatibility, with transport and a place to sleep – not every place on the mountain can be suitable for a company of 6-8 people.
Club “Seven Peaks”
This is an association of climbers who have conquered the highest peaks of seven continents. This includes Everest, Aconcagua, McKinley, Kilimanjaro, Elbrus, Vinson Peak, Carstens Pyramid and Kosciuszko Peak.
The idea of conquering these peaks arose in 1981, and since then, professionals have been trying to assemble the climbing “Grand Slam”. True, at some point, disagreement arose over what to consider Australia’s highest point. If we take into account both her and Oceania, it turns out that this is the pyramid of Carstens.
Most of the mountains below are not the highest in the world, however, it is here that popular tourist routes are laid.
Everest, India – China
Everest is located in the Himalayas in India, but the top itself refers to China. This is the highest mountain in the world – 8848 meters above sea level. Nearby is full of other mountains, conquer – I do not want. However, climbers are drawn specifically to Chomolungma – this is the second name of Everest.
The weather here is extremely bad: the temperature can drop to minus 60 Celsius, and the wind will blow at a speed of 200 km / h. Everest is conquered by the most daring, experienced and desperate.
The mountainsides, unfortunately, are littered with garbage. Tourists behave like a pig. Because Everest received the nickname of the largest landfill in the world.
Cho Oyu, Nepal – China
This is another decoration of the Himalayas. The sixth highest peak in the world received 8201 meters. It is located on the border of Nepal with China. The Himalayas crushed several countries, so you need to choose from which country it is better to start the ascent.
From Nepal, Cho Oyu is steep and dangerous. Therefore, climbers most often prefer subjugation from Tibet.
Ama Dablam, Nepal
We continue our acquaintance with the Himalayas. Next in line is Ama Dablam with a height of 6814 meters. She is in Nepal and got on the banknotes of this country. The mountain is considered one of the most beautiful in the Everest region. Around it is Sagarmath National Park.
Ama Dablam has become popular relatively recently. Climbers love her for beauty. The classic route runs along the Southwest Ridge from the south. Technically, this is a more difficult climb than the classic routes of the same Elbrus or Mont Blanc.